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Alimentary value PDF Print E-mail
Written by artman   
Τετάρτη, 07 Ιούλιος 2004
ImageDoes not exist doubt that the olive oil and the table olives have enormous economy, social, alimentary and cultural value. T[o] olive oil is a oil that is produced with absolutely natural way, without the use of chemical solvents or other additives, in other words is the juice of fruit of olive. T[oso] the oil as the olives contain big percentage of antioxydant substances, that builds defence of organism and shields him toward various forms of cardiopathy and cancer. As population we have learned traditionally to appreciate this virtues, and [gi]'? this we are also first worldwide in the consumption of olive oil, fact that is connected with our longevity. Where is owed however the alimentary value of olive oil? Exist two categories of factors: the constitution in [makrosystatika] and the presence [mikrosystatikon] with antioxydant and other action. In regard to the [lipidiki] constitution of olive oil ([makrosystatika]), this is rich in [triglykeridia] with [monoakoresta] greasy acids, and concrete with oileic acid. T[a] [monoakoresta] greasy they are considered that likely they present beneficial effect in the protection from cardiovascular deseases. Compared to the butter or the margarine, the olive oil and other plant oils, as the [arabositelaio] and [ilielaio], have smaller content in [koresmena] greases. T[o] olive oil contains smaller quantity of [polyakoreston] greasy acids compared to other plant oils or [ichthyelaia]. However the essentially greasy acids for the growth and the promotion of health, as [linelaiko], a-[linoleniko] and [arachidoniko] acid, also are contained in the olive oil. Actually the olive oil has most excellent relation [linelaikoy] to a-[linoleniko] acid, which is similar with that of grease in the human milk. As it was already reported, [peran] the [lipidikis] constitution, the olive oil contains abundance [mikrosystatikon] with attributes beneficial for the health: vitamin E, [polyfainoles], [terpenika] acids, [skoyalenio] and [fytosteroles]. It deserves it is marked that his low content in [polyakoresta] greases, in combination with the contained antioxydant unions, seated the olive oil oil relatively durable in the oxidations. - H vitamin E constitutes important biological antioxydant, preventing line of oxidations in the organism. - [Polyfainoles] they are unions that present antioxydant action and have been connected with smaller probability of appearance of cardiovascular deseases, certain types of cancer and inflamation. - T[a] [terpenika] acids have been reported as [ipatoprostateytikoi], anti-inflammatory and anticancer factors. - T[o] [skoyalenio], in combination with the [polyfainolikes] unions and [monoakoresta] greasy, contributes in anti-inflammatory and likely to contribute in the anticancer action of olive oil, specially at the cancer of thick intestine. - The [fytosteroles] considered important alimentary are components for the alleviation of lDL-Cholesterolof (bad cholesterol), and [kat]'? extension for the protection by cardiovascular deseases, while simultaneously they present anticancer and anti-inflammatory action. Beneficial effect of olive oil on various illnesses and systems Olive oil and cardiovascular deseases Scientific studies have shown that the olive oil protects from the cardiovascular deseases. This H action is attributed for the most part in his effect in the growth arteriosclerosis. T[i] is arteriosclerosis H arteriosclerosis is a process which causes stenosis of arteries and is the result of deposition in the arterial walls, inter alia, the said foamy macrophagous cells, platelets and cholesterol. Reasons and process of deposition of cholesterol H deposition of cholesterol, even if it is owed partly in genetic reasons, it is influenced by the diet and the physical exercise. H lDL-Cholesterol (bad cholesterol) is the main institution of cholesterol in the circulation of blood and [enapothetei] under conditions cholesterol in the arterial walls, contributing thus in the shaping of athiromatic index plate. From the other side, the hDL-Cholesterol (good cholesterol) removes excess of cholesterol from the circulation and transports him behind in the liver for [apekkrisi]. [Gi]'? these reasons the lDL-Cholesterol are considered [athirogonos] and the hDL-Cholesterol [antiathirogonos]. Arteriosclerosis and olive oil A. Effect of olive oil in the deposition of cholesterol H research has shown that diet rich in animal products (richly in [koresmena] greases) tends it increases the levels of LDL. On the contrary, diet rich in olive oil ([monoakoresta] greases) or richly in plant oils or grease of fishes ([polyakoresta] greases) tends it decreases the levels of LDL. It appears that, compared to the riches in animal greases diets, the diets that are riches in olive oil and other plant oils or [ichthyelaia] decrease the levels of LDL in comparable degree. However the diets with olive oil tend simultaneously they maintain or even they increase the HDL (good cholesterol), contrary to the diets that are riches in other plant oils or [ichthyelaia], that tend they decrease the levels of HDL. Thus, the diet with olive oil decreases reason LDL to HDL, with result lower danger for coronary illness. B. Effect of olive oil in the deposition of foamy cells the shaping and the deposition of foamy cells depend from the presence of big quantities [oxeidomenis] LDL. H oxidation of LDL is influenced by the presence of [polyakoreston] greases and antioxydant substances in her molecule. While the [polyakoresta] greases (other plant oils and [ichthyelaia]) suffer oxidation easier comparative with the [monoakoresta] greases (olive oil), diets with olive oil lend bigger resistance in the LDL against the oxidation. Olive oil and cancer Epidemiologic and other studies have given clues that the diet with olive oil decreases the danger for a number of cancers, as the breast, the pancreas, the stomach, the larynx, the urinary [kysteos] and protector. Olive oil and hypertension [Mele
Last Updated ( Δευτέρα, 26 Μάιος 2008 )
 
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